The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying...
take a stick and write upon it,
For Judah, and for the children of Israel his companions:
then take another stick, and write upon it,
For Joseph ... and for all the house of Israel his companions:
And join them one together into one stick; and they shall become one in thine hand.
Thus saith the Lord GOD...
I will make them one nation [goy] in the land upon the mountains of Israel;
I will make ... an everlasting ['olam] covenant with them ...
and I will put my sanctuary among [tavek] them forever.
My dwelling place [misekan] shall be with them;
I will be their God,
and they shall be [hayah] My [li] people ['am]
(Ezekiel 37:15-28, AV & NIV)
In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together...
They shall ask the way to Zion... saying, Come, and let us join [lavah] ourselves to the LORD in a perpetual ['olam] covenant that shall not be forgotten.
Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell among you
Many nations [goyim] shall join [lavah] themselves to the Lord in that day.
And they shall be [hayah] My [li] people ['am].
and I will dwell [sakan]
among [tavek] you
There is neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither bond nor free, there is neither male nor female: for ye are all one in Christ Jesus (Gal 3:28, NIV).
ye are the temple of the living God; as God hath said, I will dwell in them, and walk in them; and I will be their God, and they shall be my people (1 Cor 6:16b)
And foreigners, that join [lavah] themselves to the LORD, to serve him, and to love the name of the LORD, to be his servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of my covenant; Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people ['am] (Isa 56:6-7).
"... the nations will join themselves to YHWH - not merely to Israel... They will belong to YHWH just as Israel does ... they will enjoy exactly the same covenantal relationship with YHWH that Israel does. The expression "they will be for me a people" is precisely the language of the covenant, with its roots going back to Sinai, hitherto applied only to Israel" (Christopher J.H. Wright, The Mission of God, p.498).
"The phrase "be joined" is clearly covenantal in nature (Isa 56:6), a point made clear by the declaration "[they] will become my people"... The fact that the oracle then repeats the phrase "I will live among you" after declaring that inclusion of these foreigners is an intentional technique to emphasize their participation in the covenant community and its privileged access to God's presence" (Mark J. Boda, Haggai, Zechariah, NIVAC, p.238).
Isa 14:1 For the LORD will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined [lavah] with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.
"Jeremiah 50:5 anticipates that Judah and Israel will return to Jerusalem and will "bind (lwh, "join") themselves to the Lord by everlasting covenant". Isaiah 14:1 looks forward to the time when people from other nations will also bind themselves (lwh) to God. Non-Jews [better non-Israelites] who join make a commitment to serve, worship, and love the name of the Lord, to honor the Sabbath, and to "hold fast to my covenant" (Isa 56:6)... Here in verse 11 Zechariah also speaks of "nations," not just individuals. The Lord extends a covenant relationship to these nations. They will become my people is one half of the covenant formula previously offered to Israel, "I will be their God, and they will be my people" (e.g., Exod 6:7)..." (Pamela J. Scalise, Zechariah, "Minor Prophets II," NIBC, pp.215-16).
Lev 26:12 And I will walk among [tavek] you, and will be your God, and ye shall be my people.
"In Leviticus 26:12, this element of the promise is associated with the divine presence ... as it is here" (Thomas McComiskey, Zechariah, "The Minor Prophets," p.1064).
Zec 14:16 And it shall come to pass, that every one that is left of all the nations [goyim] which came against Jerusalem shall even go up from year to year to worship the King, the LORD of hosts, and to keep the feast of tabernacles/booths.
"The one festival uniting all nations in worship is to be the feast of booths... In God's Kingdom the gentiles would be brought within that covenant when they came to worship in the Temple the King, the Lord of hosts..." (Joyce G. Baldwin, Haggai Zechariah Malachi, TOTC, p.206).
Ge 12:2 And I will make of thee a great nation [Jacob/Israel], and I will bless thee, and make thy name great; and thou shalt be a blessing:
Ge 12:3 And I will bless them that bless thee, and curse him that curseth thee: and in thee shall all families of the earth be blessed.
Zec 2:12 And the LORD shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.
"Zechariah affirms two things here that are always held in a delicate balance in Scripture. The first is the special place of Israel in God's purposes, represented here by Judah and Jerusalem (8, 12); the second his intention, finally to include people of many nations, and to own them as my people just as surely as he owned Israel (11). Again we are in touch with a theme that arcs right across the biblical revelation. It is a programme announced in the promises to Abraham, who was called to 'leave' (be separated from) others, to live in a special, covenantal relationship with God, so that through him, all peoples on earth might be blessed. The programme is realized in the person of Jesus Christ, the true seed of Abraham, in whom all the promises of God are fulfilled. It is vital that we realize, however, that the fulfilment in Christ does not obliterate the special place of Israel in God purposes, it brings it to perfect realization. Only by bowing the knee to the true seed of Abraham, the one perfect Israelite, can one be saved. There is no Saviour but Israel's Messiah, and no God but Israel's God... Zechariah expresses that same truth in terms of pilgrimage to Zion. There is only one place to which all must come in order to be saved. Only there will God dwell with his people..." (Barry Webb, The Message of Zechariah, BST, p.82-83).
Dt 28:9 The LORD shall establish thee an holy people unto himself, as he hath sworn unto thee, if thou shalt keep the commandments of the LORD thy God, and walk in his ways.
Dt 28:10 And all people of the earth shall see that thou art called by the name of the LORD; and they shall be afraid of thee.
Dt 28:11 And the LORD shall make thee plenteous in goods, in the fruit of thy body, and in the fruit of thy cattle, and in the fruit of thy ground, in the land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers to give thee.
Dt 28:12 The LORD shall open unto thee his good treasure, the heaven to give the rain unto thy land in his season, and to bless all the work of thine hand: and thou shalt lend unto many nations, and thou shalt not borrow.
"[This] is a kind of coloring in of the fundamental outline of the Abrahamic covenant. God promised to bless Abraham's descendants in the land...
"Echoes of the Abrahamic covenant are also heard in the universal missionary thrust of verse 10. Obedience will not only ensure the enjoyment of God's promised blessing but also spread the knowledge of God's name...
"The purpose of God blessing this people is ultimately so that God can bless all the peoples on earth" (Christopher Wright, Deuteronomy, NIBC, p.281).
Ps 72:8 He shall have dominion also from sea to sea, and from the river unto the ends of the earth.
Isa 14:2 And the people shall take them, and bring them to their place: and the house of Israel shall possess them in the land of the LORD for servants and handmaids: and they shall take them captives, whose captives they were; and they shall rule over their oppressors.
"... according to the prophet's meaning, to be ruled by the people of God is the true happiness of the nations, and to allow themselves to be so ruled is their true liberty" (F. Delitizsch, Isaiah, KD, Vol.7, p.199).