"Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Lord has performed all His work on Mount Zion and on Jerusalem, that He will say, "I will punish the fruit of the arrogant heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his haughty looks"" (Isaiah 10:12).
We learn more about this end-time event in the "burden against Babylon" in Isaiah 13 & 14. This is also a telescopic prophecy where the type is ancient Babylon and the antitype is modern Babylon. The far-future fulfillment may be seen from:
"Behold the day of the Lord comes, Cruel, with both wrath and fierce anger, to lay the land desolate; And He will destroy its sinners from it. For the stars of heaven and their constellations Will not give their light; The sun will be darkened in its going forth, And the moon will not cause its light to shine" (Isaiah 13:9-10).
Christ used the last verse to describe the event to occur before the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the heavens heralding His return:
"Immediately after the tribulation of those days the sun will be darkened, and the moon will not give its light; the stars will fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken. Then the sign of the Son of Man will appear in heaven, and then all the tribes of the earth will mourn, and they will see the Son of man coming on the clouds of heaven with power and great glory" (Matthew 24:29-30).
In looking at Isaiah 14 we also see that it applies to the return of Jesus Christ:
"For the Lord will have mercy on Jacob, and will still choose Israel, and settle them in their own land... they will take them captive whose captives they were, and rule over their oppressors" (Isaiah 14:1-2).
Israel did not rule over the Babylonians or the Persians after the first captivity. Nor did this happen:
"It shall come to pass in the day the Lord gives you rest from your sorrows, and from your fear and the hard bondage in which you were made to serve"" (Isaiah 14:3).
In the Babylonian captivity of the first millennium BC the Jews did not suffer fear and hard bondage. This is seen in the response to the decrees of Cyrus and Artaxerxes. Alfred Edersheim points out:
"In general, it is of the greatest importance to remember in regard to this Eastern dispersion, that only a minority of the Jews, consisting in all of about 50,000, originally returned from Babylon, first under Zerubbabel and afterwards under Ezra (537 BC, and 459-458 BC). Nor was their inferiority confined to numbers. The wealthiest and most influential of the Jews remained behind..." (The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah, page 5).
"It has troubled some scholars that chapters 50-51 [of Jeremiah] predict the violent destruction of Babylon, whereas its defeat by Cyrus in 539 B.C. took place without a battle and with no damage to the city. But with other predictive prophecies, if a fulfillment does not occur in one period, it is to be sought for in another and future one" (Charles L. Feinberg, Jeremiah, p.672).
This captivity of "fear and hard bondage" is yet future:
"O Assyrian, the rod of mine anger, and the staff in their hand is mine indignation. I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil, and to take the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. Howbeit he meaneth not so, neither doth his heart think so; but it is in his heart to destroy and cut off nations not a few" (Isaiah 10:5-6).
The type for the future, as quoted earlier:
"In 1897 the Kaiser, already in possession of Europe's most powerful army, had ordered the construction of a German High Seas Fleet. He had seen it from the start as a deliberate challenge to Britain's command of the seas... One day, he told his admirals and constructors, it would be God's Instrument of Justice... By 1914 the work was done, the silence broken, and as Europe burst like an abscess into war, Queen Victoria's empire found itself challenged by equal force of arms for the first time since she had succeeded to the throne, almost eighty years before. The grand illusion was collapsing..." (Jan Morris, Farewell the Trumpets, pp.155-56).
The Pax Britannica came to an end in the First World War, but Britain was not invaded. The end of Pax Americana will be over in a future Third World War, but the Anglo-Saxon-Celtic and kindred nations will be invaded and oppressed.
The Jews, Americans, British, Canadians, Australians and New Zealanders who survive this ordeal:
"...will take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say: "How the oppressor has ceased, The golden city ceased!.. The whole earth is at rest and quiet"" (Isaiah 14:4ff).
Jesus Christ will personally intervene to destroy the Assyrian/Germanic ruler of modern Babylon:
"The Lord of hosts has sworn, saying, "Surely, as I have thought, so it shall come to pass, And as I have purposed, so it shall stand: that I will break the Assyrian in My land, And on My mountains tread him underfoot. Then his yoke shall be removed from them, And his burden removed from their shoulders. This is the purpose that is purposed against the whole earth..."" (Isa 14:24-26b).
It appears that in God's plan there has been a looking forward to the 'breaking' of this person who in the end time embodies all that is rebellious in man. He is to the human race what Satan is to the evil spirit world. That this is so is reflected in the telescoping of this Assyrian/Germanic king of modern Babylon with Satan. Isaiah 14:4-11 and verses 15-27 refer to this king while verses 12-14 refer to his antitype in the spirit world.
Both these kings, of their respective realms (cp. Isaiah 24:21), will suffer the same fate:
"The devil, who deceived them, was cast into the lake of fire and brimstone where the beast and false prophets are (should be were). And they will be tormented day and night forever and ever" (Revelation 20:10).
Isaiah reaffirms that God's plan has long looked forward to the fate of this king (and Satan):
"For through the voice of the Lord shall the Assyrian be beaten down" (AV)...For Tophet was established of old, Yes for the king it is prepared. He has made it deep and large; Its pyre is fire with much wood; The breath of the Lord, like a stream of brimstone, Kindles it" (Isaiah 30:31, 33).
"...Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth... And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. From that land he went to Assyria and built Ninevah, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, and..." (Genesis 10:8-12, NKJV).
"...Nimrod... And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. Out of this land went forth Asshur, and builded Ninevah and..." (Gen 10:8-11, AV).
At the beginning and the end of this age, however you want to translate the text of Genesis, we have a Babylonian-Assyrian axis in rebellion against God.